Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids occur when the blood vessels in the rectal or vaginal area become swollen. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to hemorrhoids, which are a type of varicose vein. Hemorrhoids range from the size of a pea to the size of a grape and a woman with hemorrhoids may experience severe pain and/or rectal bleeding. An inflamed mass of tissue that looks like a large blister is the primary sign of hemorrhoids.

What causes Hemorrhoids

Pregnant women are prone to getting hemorrhoids because of the increase in the amount of blood circulating in the body and the increase in the levels of fluctuating hormones. Constipation is also a common condition during pregnancy and strained bowel movements are associated with hemorrhoid formation.

Treatment of Hemorrhoids during Pregnancy

Here are some simple and easy tips to follow to relieve the pain and discomfort caused by hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

  • Include plenty of fiber in your diet and lots of fluids to avoid constipation.
  • Do not wait when you have the urge to have a bowel movement, try not to strain during bowel movements, and do not stay on the toilet for a long period of time because this places pressure on the rectal area.
  • Try a sitz bath; it can help relieve the pain and discomfort related to hemorrhoids.
  • Use an ice pack or cold compress over the affected area as this helps to reduce swelling.
  • Hemorrhoid pads that contain witch hazel are effective in easing pain and are safe to use during pregnancy.
  • Check with your doctor before using any over-the-counter hemorrhoid medications because your skin is overly sensitive during pregnancy.
  • After having a bowel movement, wipe gently with feminine cleansers that are pre-moistened as this will help to reduce the irritation.
  • Kegel exercises can help to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy by promoting blood circulation to the rectal and vaginal areas.

While hemorrhoids are a common complaint during pregnancy, most can be treated with proper care. If your symptoms don’t go away or continue to get worse, consult your doctor for treatment.

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