Pregnancy

Cramping and Implantation Bleeding

About one-third of the total pregnant women experience bleeding and cramping as one of the early signs of pregnancy. Implantation bleeding is the discharge of blood or spotting which takes place in a woman after 6 to 12 days. Mild cramping, breast tenderness, stomach bloating, and tiredness are some of the signs of cramping and implantation bleeding. About 20% to 30% of pregnant women experience implantation bleeding and cramping. This article is all about implantation bleeding and cramping.

Cramping and implantation Bleeding

  • The cramps and implantation bleeding are very mild and experienced almost a week before the menstrual cycle.
  • Almost a week after fertilization, implantation occurs in a woman. The egg implants itself in the lining of the uterus after fertilization with the sperm. A small amount of the blood comes out of the body through the vagina when the fertilized egg gets implanted in it. This process is known as implantation bleeding which is accompanied by cramping.
  • Both cramping and implantation bleeding do not confirm a pregnancy. There are other symptoms, such as tender breasts, mood swings, fatigue, nausea, food cravings for specific items and vomiting, which should be present along with cramping and bleeding implantation in order to detect pregnancy.
  • Without bleeding, one may experience cramps. The muscles of the uterus contract when the egg transplants itself in the uterus after the fertilization.

Cramping and Implantation Bleeding – Complications

Ectopic Pregnancy:

If a woman is suffering from cramping and excess implantation bleeding, it can be a symptom of ectopic pregnancy. Heavy pain, pelvic pain, blood clotting, dizziness, pain in shoulders and weakness are other symptoms of ectopic pregnancy.

Miscarriage:

Bleeding beyond two weeks after conception should not occur if pregnancy is confirmed. If you are experiencing bleeding, then it may be due to a miscarriage.

Ovarian Cysts:

Ovarian cysts lead to heavy bleeding and cramping. Sometimes, the leakage of ovarian cysts causes severe pain, vaginal bleeding, and cramping.

Cramping and implantation bleeding are very normal during pregnancy. However, if bleeding and cramping become severe, you must consult a doctor immediately.

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