What You Need to Know About Birth Control Pills and Pregnancy

Contraceptive pills are used by many women, one of the easiest and best ways to prevent pregnancy.., Before taking these pills, it is important for women to know how they work.  They are commonly called birth control pills.

Facts about Pregnancy and Birth Control / Contraceptive Pills

  • Contraceptive pills prevent pregnancy because they contain certain hormones, interacting with and affecting a woman’s body.
  • These pills can also be taken by women who having menstruation problems such as an irregular menstrual cycle or severe cramping.  Taking a pill on a daily basis leads to a regular menstrual cycle.
  • There are two types of contraceptive pills. One is a mini pill  containing a progesterone hormone and the second is a combination pill, containing estrogen and progesterone.

Birth Control / Contraceptive Pills – How They Work

  • Combination contraceptive pills are available in packs of 21 pills or 28 pills. The 21-day pack is taken for 21 straight days. The pack with 28 pills has 21 active pills and 7 placebos. . These pills are taken by a woman to maintain the habit of taking a pill every day.
  • Combination birth control pills prevent ovulation because the hormones they contain prevent ovulation, the process of releasing an egg from the ovaries.  . With no ovulation, there is no release of the egg, thus preventing a woman from becoming pregnant (no egg to be fertilized.
  • The mini contraceptive pill thickens cervical mucus, preventing sperm from reaching an egg. A mini contraceptive pill taken every day may stop periods for months. However, mini pills are less effective than combination contraceptive pills.
  • There are also some contraceptive pills which change the natural cycle of monthly periods. After taking these pills, a woman will have a period every three months instead of every month.

Birth Control / Contraceptive Pills – Side Effects and Other Information

  • Giddiness, nausea, irregular menstrual cycle, weight gain, blood clots, headache and depression are some of the side effects of taking contraceptive pills.
  • During the initial days after starting the pill, a woman may feel uncomfortable. Changing the brand of the pill, which changes the hormone type and formula, can help solve this problem.
  • Women who want to become pregnant should not take contraceptive pills.
  • A version called the emergency contraceptive pill, can be taken within the first 24 to 48 hours after unprotected sex, to prevent pregnancy.

4 responses to What You Need to Know About Birth Control Pills and Pregnancy

  1. Research shows that about four million spermatozoas are released during each ejaculation,one of them will fertilize the ova. what will happen to the remaining?

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