Pregnancy

Pregnancy Gingivitis

Pregnancy gingivitis is a common gum disease which is experienced by approximately half of all pregnant women.  The characteristics of pregnancy gingivitis are tender and swollen gums. There are a lot of physical and hormonal changes which a woman experiences during pregnancy. These include secretion of estrogen and progesterone in large amounts, which has directly affects the mental and physical health of the pregnant woman.

Symptoms of Pregnancy Gingivitis

  • Tenderness in the gums
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Puffiness
  • Bleeding may occur while brushing the teeth.
  • Bad breath (halitosis)

Treatment for Pregnancy Gingivitis

  • Following a good oral hygiene is the best way to prevent pregnancy gingivitis.
  • Pregnancy gingivitis is caused by bacteria which is present in the mouth. A good oral hygiene will prevent the gingivitis from developing in the gums.
  • Brushing teeth twice a day along with flossing at least once a day prevents pregnancy gingivitis.
  • Practice correct methods of flossing and brushing during pregnancy and take extra care of your oral health.
  • Use antimicrobial mouth rinse in order to rinse your mouth.
  • Drink adequate amount of water and fruit juices in order to keep the body well hydrated.
  • Chew sugar less chewing gum in order to increase the saliva secretion. It will also reduce bacterial growth and acidity.
  • In order to avoid dental problems opt for regular dental check-ups.
  • Seek medical advice if you observe symptoms of gingivitis during pregnancy.

Pregnancy gingivitis is not harmful if treated in the early stages of pregnancy. One may also develop periodontal diseases if gingivitis is left untreated. Women with chronic gum disease are at risk of  delivering  prematurely.

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