What is Amniotic Fluid Test?

In order to check the genetic disorders in the baby, an amniotic fluid test is done. Leakage of amniotic fluid before the due date results in pre-term labor, so the test carries slight risks. An amniotic fluid test is also known as an amniocentesis. A thin needle is inserted into the womb of a pregnant woman through her abdomen.  Using the needle some liquid is drawn out and then this liquid is tested to detect if the baby inside the womb has any malformation of the lungs or any chromosomal abnormalities.  Any genetic disorders can be discovered with the help of the amniotic fluid test, such as Turner syndrome, Edwards syndrome and Down syndrome.

Amniotic Fluid Test

  • It is the liquid which is present in the sac and holds the baby in the womb.
  • As it is rich in carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and phospholipids, the liquid nourishes the development of the fetus.
  • The amniotic sac starts getting filled with fluid around two weeks after fertilization.
  • As the pregnancy proceeds, there are other nutrients which get incorporated in the fluid.
  • Leakage of amniotic fluid during the end of pregnancy is an early sign of labor.

Risks involved with Amniotic Fluid Test

  • This fluid test is done around 16- 20 weeks of pregnancy.
  • With the help of an ultrasound, the needle is inserted into the womb.
  • Watching the baby on the ultrasound, a physician is able to insert the needle away from the fetus.
  • Apart from all this, the amniotic fluid test may also damage the limbs of the fetus.
  • A woman may also get an infection from the needle used in the process.
  • Serious complications of amniotic fluid test may lead to miscarriage.

The amniotic fluid test has given doctors an opportunity to detect birth defects and make pregnancies safer.

1 response to What is Amniotic Fluid Test?

  1. what is the rate of percentage of miscarriage in amniotic fluid test (AFT)? pls any one answer me.

    thanking you


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