Pregnancy

First Trimester Pregnancy Symptoms

During the first trimester of pregnancy, a woman goes through a lot of hormonal changes which produce a number of symptoms. If this is a first pregnancy the changes can be quite unnerving. It may be difficult to determine which symptoms are normal and which require medical attention. Here are is a general guide to the first trimester of pregnancy:

Fatigue and Dizziness:

Much of the blood flow in a pregnant woman is directed towards the uterus to aid growth during pregnancy. This results in a reduced blood flow to a pregnant woman’s brain, making a woman feel dizzy and often fatigued.

Constipation:

Constipation is due to a high production of progesterone during pregnancy. This hormone relaxes the muscles in the intestine and affects the movement of waste through the intestines, resulting in constipation.

Breast Tenderness:

The production of hormones such as estrogen and progesterone increases during pregnancy, resulting in breast tenderness. Breasts may also swell in preparation for breast feeding.

Increased Urination:

The uterus of the pregnant woman gets bigger as the baby develops, putting pressure on the bladder.

Edema:

Edema is an excess of body fluids and results in the swelling of the feet, legs, hands and face. This condition may be uncomfortable but is not dangerous.

Mood Swings:

The serotonin levels in the brain might change during pregnancy, resulting in sudden mood swings.

Food Cravings:

During the first trimester of pregnancy, a woman may develop an aversion to some foods and cravings for other foods.

Morning Sickness:

Morning sickness is one of the most common symptoms experienced by a pregnant woman during the first trimester. Morning sickness includes nausea, vomiting and excess saliva. In some cases, morning sickness can last beyond the first trimester.

Tips for Dealing with the First Trimester of Pregnancy

  • Wear a supportive bra in order to minimize the discomfort caused by over-sensitive breasts.
  • Get an adequate amount of rest and sleep. Take breaks during work.
  • Sleep on your left side in order to minimize the pressure on the blood vessels which supply nutrients and oxygen to the uterus.
  • Do some mild exercise or yoga to get relief from stress and fatigue. Exercise can also help to maintain proper blood circulation.
  • Maintain a healthy diet. It should be rich in proteins, vitamins and minerals. A healthy balanced diet may also help get rid of nausea, vomiting and morning sickness.
  • Take vitamins if there is lots of vomiting to maintain a healthy diet.
  • Chew sugarless chewing gum or brush your teeth often to get rid of excess saliva
  • Do not stand for too long to reduce swelling in the legs and ankles

The symptoms experienced during the first trimester of pregnancy vary from woman to woman. Some might experience all the symptoms mentioned but others might not experience any. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms accompanied by severe pain or bleeding, consult a doctor immediately.

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