What are the Signs of a Miscarriage?

A miscarriage is an emotionally devastating outcome in a pregnancy where the fetus has ceased to develop, and the body will either naturally abort the fetus, or the fetus must be surgically removed.

Spontaneous Abortion

This is defined as pregnancy loss before 20 gestation weeks. It is estimated that as many as 20% of all pregnancies end in a miscarriage. Pregnancy losses occur in the early stage, sometimes occurring before a woman even realizes she may be pregnant.

Signs of Miscarriage:

The following are the possible signs of pregnancy loss or miscarriage:

·  Implantation or Vaginal Bleeding:

Spotting or bleeding is the first sign of pregnancy loss for most women. Although implantation bleeding can be scary, remember that heavy bleeding does not always result in pregnancy loss. Sometimes, spotting can happen due to the implantation process or cervical irritation. Bleeding may stop and the pregnancy can continue without any further problems. Nearly10% of pregnant women experience implantation bleeding at some point in the pregnancy.

Consult your healthcare provider about vaginal bleeding during pregnancy.

Abdominal Pain:

Severe abdominal pain can also be a symptom of a miscarriage. A life-threatening situation that can occur is when the baby is implanted outside the uterus. This condition is called an “ectopic pregnancy.” The severe pain is experienced in the early stage of pregnancy and usually occurs on one side of the abdomen. This should be considered an emergency.

 Severe Pregnancy Symptoms:

Another common symptom of early pregnancy is “fading pregnancy signs”. This includes initial breast soreness and morning sickness which suddenly cease. This symptom cannot be reliable. Sometimes, symptoms may fluctuate and should not be considered, but mention this wavering of symptoms to the doctor.

Lack of Baby Movement:

In the late second or third trimester, movement of the baby is felt, also known as “quickening.” A healthcare provider should be consulted if you do not feel baby movement. Care providers can give some instructions about when to consult a doctor, but if you do not feel the movements under those guidelines, consult the doctor for “fetal heart monitoring” to ensure that the baby is healthy and growing.

If you experience any preterm labor symptoms during the second or early third trimester, consult the doctor immediately.

The following are some pre-term labor symptoms:

  • Pelvic pressure
  • Dull backache
  • Change in vaginal discharge
  • Contractions every 10 minutes or more frequently
  • Cramps similar to menstrual cramps

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