High Blood Pressure and Getting Pregnant-2

Detecting Preeclampsia:

It is very unfortunate that no test is available for predicting or diagnosing preeclampsia. The most important symptoms of preeclampsia are an increase of protein in the urine and an increase in blood pressure. Other symptoms include blurred vision, abdominal pain and persistent headaches. While these symptoms can be because of other disorders and can also be seen in healthy pregnant women, seeing a doctor regularly can help detect and monitor symptoms and development of the fetus.

Prevention of High Blood Pressure Problems during Pregnancy:

Women who have hypertension and are planning on having a baby should consult a doctor first. Follow the instructions given by the doctor to control blood pressure before and during pregnancy and get regular prenatal check-ups to ensure the health of the baby.

Before Conceiving:

  • Have a normal blood pressure.
  • Change the lifestyle as needed: eating more fruits and vegetables, limiting salt or caffeine consumption, regular physical exercise and losing weight.
  • Discuss with a doctor how high blood pressure affects the baby and the pregnant mother and what measures can be taken to prevent those problems
  • Women taking medications for high blood pressure should consult a doctor for a change in dosage or to stop them once pregnant. Some experts suggest avoiding Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and Angiotensin II (AII) receptors during pregnancy. Other medications can be OK to use. However, never change or stop medications until the doctor says to stop or change.
  • Have regular prenatal medical care
  • Stop consuming tobacco and alcohol.
  • Consult the doctor about using over-the-counter medications.

During pregnancy:

Does High Blood Pressure during Pregnancy cause Heart Problems in the long run?

Hypertension effects during pregnancy vary depending on the factors and disorders. According to the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP), preeclampsia does not increase a woman’s risk in the development of chronic hypertension and other heart problems and women with normal blood pressure who developed preeclampsia after their twentieth week of first pregnancy, develop short term complications like increase in blood pressure- generally go away within six weeks after delivery.

Whether the effects go away shortly after giving birth or symptoms remain indefinitely, research is ongoing on the effects of the high blood pressure during pregnancy and ways it can be predicted and treated.

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