Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer

Gamete intrafallopian transfer procedure is a method used in the technology of assisted reproduction. In this process, eggs are removed from the ovaries of a woman and mixed with male sperm before being placed back into the fallopian tubes.

Gamete intrafallopian transfer is different from in vitro fertilization and zygote intrafallopian transfer because in both these processes fertilization takes place outside the fallopian tubes whereas here fertilization takes place inside the female body.

Process Of Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer:

The process of gamete intrafallopian transfer can be described in the following points. These are:

  • The woman attempting this procedure is given fertility drugs to stimulate the production of ova or eggs in the ovaries.
  • Multiple eggs are collected using an aspiration process.
  • A number of these eggs is immediately mixed with nearly 200,000 active and mobile sperm.
  • The eggs and sperm are then placed in the fallopian tube using a laparoscope.
  • Now, it is the time to wait for the signs of pregnancy.

Who Can Use Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer Process:

The procedure of gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) is usually an option when couples cannot achieve pregnancy unassisted. It may be helpful for women who have:

  • a blockage in their fallopian tubes
  • significant damage to one or other of the fallopian tubes
  • Anatomical problems within the uterus such as adhesion in the intrauterine wall etc.

The treatment can be used in all these cases, or with couples who are not able to conceive after one year of trying. The treatment is semi-invasive because laparoscopy is used to reinject the mixed sperm and eggs. IVF treatment is more commonly in use today.

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