Intrauterine Growth Restriction -Causes of Intrauterine Growth Restriction

Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)

is an abnormality caused in infants. The infants born with this disability weigh less than 10% of predicted weight for a newly born. According to WHO standards babies less than 2500 grams of weight are considered to be premature. These babies are called

small for gestational age babies (SGA).

The appearence of a “small for gestational age baby”(SGA) will be thin, pale and they posses dry skin. These babies are also at high risk of hypoglycemia(low blood sugar). The main causes of IUGR are infections, lack of necessary nutrients and oxygen. Some of the maternal factors include smoking, alcohol abuse, drug abuse and chronic kidney disease.

Intrauterine Growth Restriction(IGUR) can be analysed in different ways. These are

fetal movement counting

, in which number of kicks and fetal motions are tracked,

nonstress testing,

in which the heart beat of the fetus is counted. Ultrasound is one test in which high frequency sound waves are used.

These sound waves help in creating high images of blood vessels and internal organs of the fetus.

Droppler flow studies

are used to trace the blood flow in the fetus. The severity of this disease depends on how early the problem began during pregnancy.

Though it is not possible to completely reverse the effects of IGUR, following certain nutritional diets can reduce the effects of IGUR. Medication also depends on the extent of the disease, tolerence for specific medicine, life style, family history. Some times taking bed rest at home is recommended, as it improves blood circulation to the fetus.

Some ways to prevent IGUR are:

  • Stop smoking, drugs and alcohol when your are expecting.
  • Increase the intake of nutritional food.
  • Take adequate rest and be cheerful.

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