Pregnancy

Polycystic Pregnancy – Polycystic Ovarian Pregnancy

PCOS-Polycystic ovarian syndrome and PID-Pelvic inflammatory disease causing blocking of fallopian tubes are some of the major diseases affecting pregnancy in women. This article focuses on PCOS, which occurs in 5% of women.

PCOS drastically decreases the chances of being pregnant in a women. But the good news is there are some scientific methods which help these women to conceive.

Women suffering with PCOS are at higher risk of miscarriages. These women are given clomid a drug which stimulates ovulation. Clomid is used by four out of five women. Clomid, metafirm and letrozole are some of the oral drugs that are used to stimulate ovulation. If the disease doesn’t respond to oral drugs, the next step is injectable gonadotropins.

Injectable Gonadotropins
The success rate of this method is around 90%. Though many women develop mature follicles with this method, there is a risk of multiple mature follicles. This leads to the birth of triplets or even more babies. Triplets and multiple births increase the risk of birth deformities, premature babies and child deaths. Due to the above risks many women opt for IVF.

IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization
In this method male sperms are added to the female egg. This egg is kept in an incubator for 3 to 5 days and then injected into the female uterus. This method is considered most effective for couples who failed to conceive through conventional medicine.

The first IVF baby was Louise Brown, born in the year 1978. The success rate of IVF depends on the quality of the lab and the age of the female partner. Women under 35 years old have the highest success rates.

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