Pregnancy

Endometriosis and Infertility

Endometrium is the tissue which surrounds the inner surface of the uterus. It is the focal point for the menstrual cycle in women. It is also a major cause for infertility in women. According to the Cleveland Clinic, “at least 5.5 million women in North America alone have endometriosis.” Endometriosis is a progressive disease in which the tissue moves out of the uterus and attaches to the other organs in the abdominal cavity such as the fallopian tube and the ovaries. These bits of tissues of endometrial can cause pain and irregular bleeding and could also adversely affect the ability of women to become pregnant.

Causes Of Endometriosis:

The causes of endometriosis can be summarized in the following points:

  • Retrograde Menstruation:

    It is the condition in which the blood, instead of flowing out through the cervix and vagina, flows backward along the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity. It also carries living endometrial cells also along with it.

  • Immune System Defects:

    Endometriosis can be attributed to defects of the immune system. It can be a specific defect which could eradicate stray cells migrating outside the uterus.

  • Hereditary:

    Endometriosis has been surmised to be a hereditary disease. Patterns within a family need to be noted and anticipated.

  • Embryonic Tissue Theory:

    There is a theory that endometriosis can be caused by the microscopic remnants of women’s embryonic tissue which later manifests as endometriosis.

  • Estrogen Theory:

    Environmental factors may influence the onset of endometriosis  Organic compounds such as organochlorines are contained in pesticides and are capable of increasing the estrogen levels and related conditions of endometriosis.

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