Menstrual Cycle and Pregnancy

To ensure pregnancy, first of all you have to understand female anatomy. Ovulation is one phase of the menstrual cycle in which an egg or ovum releases from the ovaries. Its meeting with male sperm in its journey down the fallopian tube results in conception. Glands and hormones play an important role in ovulation. It is one reason why some women cannot conceive.

The gland affecting ovulation is the hypothalamus. It uses its hormones to communicate with the pituitary gland, the master gland of the endocrine system. Then the pituitary gland produces the luteinizing hormone (LH) and FSH. High levels of LH cause ovulation within 2 days. This cycle continues by releasing an ovum of mature follicles into the peritoneal cavity and then into the fallopian tube. From there the ovum reaches the uterus. If the ovum fails to encounter a sperm within twenty-four hours, it dies.

Ovulation occurs two weeks before the onset of a menstrual period once every month until menopause, but it stops during the nine months of pregnancy. During ovulation certain changes take place in the cervical mucus, which gets slippery and slick. A general or localized pain may accompany it. Sometimes there will be delay or deviation from the normal 24-35 days in the menstrual cycle. There may be a slight fever in women who follow natural family planning methods. It may cause them to mistake ovulation for premenstrual symptoms if accompanied by pain and changes in the body.

Instead of making wrong guesses, it’s better to confirm pregnancy with kits available at the store, through blood tests, or through an ultrasound. Once it is sure, it is always advisable to take precautions to avoid problems like miscarriage or bleeding.

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